The archaeological area of lot “Verri” at Pilastri di Bondeno (hereafter “Pilastri”) is one of the first prehistoric sites of the Ferrara province that were identified by local archaeologists.
In fact, it was discovered by an amateur scholar in 1979, and was professionally excavated in 1989. It is what remains of a middle and late Bronze age village dated between 3600 and 3200 years ago, belonging to the so-called “Terramare culture” whose settlements, at the time, were widespread in the central-western Po pfloodplain of northern Italy.
The project is supported by a three-years agreement set in 2014 between the archaeological authority of the Emilia-Romagna region, the municipality of Bondeno, and local cultural associations (in first place, the Archaeological Group of Bondeno, The Bondeno Cultural Association and the newly founded association Culture Keys).
A multi-disciplinary research team of the Universities of Padua and Ferrara, coordinated by Valentino Nizzo (archaeologist for the archaeological authority, now at the General Direction for Museums, Rome), and the cooperative society PETRA, Padua, are also involved in the direction of the dig.
The University of Calabria is involved in an ongoing experimental project of gas chromatography-mass spectroemtry (hereafter GC-MS) study of possible organic contents absorbed within the prehistoric pottery.
The dig: investigation methods and first results
The site of Pilastri di Bondeno is currently the subject of a series of advanced archaeological investigation methods, aimed not only at getting further information on the stratigraphy and the spatial organization of the settlement, but also to reconstruct the environment, aspects of the economy and the ways of life of the time. A particular focus is placed on the bio-archaeological finds, thoroughly investigated for a detailed study of the ancient diets and the subsistence strategies of these ancient communities.
Click HERE for more information about the Pilastri Project.